Although fungal infection of nails makes many people believe that it is a hygienic condition and contagious, this is not true. Over 10% of all adults in developed countries have nail fungal infection. The percentage increases as people grow older and attack about 20% of adults aged 60 years. The prevalence of toenail fungal is higher than that of fingernail fungus. These infections should be treated as soon as they are diagnosed. This brings us to the question of who should be treated for fungal nails infections.
Normal healthy people
People who spent most of their time in wet areas, those who use communal showers, visit swimming pools, gym or saloons that use inadequately sanitized instruments should be checked and be subjected to fungal nail treatment to help prevent and combat fungal nail infections. Also, living with a family member with a fungal nail infection exposes one to risks of contracting the ailment. Athletes are at a higher risk of contracting nail fungus because they wear tight fitting shoes and sweat a lot, which exposes the nails to repetitive trauma. Also, people with athlete’s foot makes the toenail more susceptible to infection.
Older people with underlying diseases are at a higher risk of contracting fingernail infections. The elderly are susceptible to anything that impairs the immune system which makes them prone to getting infected with the fungus. Conditions such as diabetes, aids, psoriasis, cancer and immunosuppressive drugs such as steroids expose the victim to fungal nail infections, and so they should be treated for fungal nails.
Notice that fungus are highly contagious and may be found in more than one person in the household. It can be transmitted from one person to another if there is constant intimate contact. In some cases, victims of fungal nail infections do experience pain and discomfort. The symptoms could be exacerbated by footwear as well as improper trimming of the nails. Trichophyton rubrum is one of the species of fungi that affect the nail. The fungus infects the skin and may manifest itself as a spot at the end of the nail. It is common for both adults and children and could infest toes and fingers. People who swim often, those that are old, those with psoriasis, athlete’s foot, and family members that live with people with toenail fungus should be subjected to regular checkups and treatment.
Patients experiencing pain and discomfort occasioned by changes in the nail should be considered for treatment. Also, patients that have a previous history of infection near the affected nails could also benefit from treatment. In fact, people experiencing poor cosmetic appearance must seek medical treatment.
If you suspect that you have a fungus issue that requires treatment, there are several doctors that you may consider approaching. A primary care provider, a podiatrist, a dermatologist could all be considered to provide diagnosis and prescribe medication to treat fungus infection. The dermatologist may shave or remove the top layer of the nail that is badly affected by putting you on a prescription.